# Modular multiplication of polynomials

Time Limit: 1 Second Memory Limit: 32768 KB

Consider polynomials whose coefficients are 0 and 1. Addition of two polynomials
is achieved by 'adding' the coefficients for the corresponding powers in the polynomials.
The addition of coefficients is performed by addition modulo 2, i.e., (0 + 0) mod 2 = 0,
(0 + 1) mod 2 = 1, (1 + 0) mod 2 = 1, and (1 + 1) mod 2 = 0. Hence, it is the same as the
exclusive-or operation.

(x6 + x4 + x2 + x + 1) + (x7 + x + 1) = x7 + x6 + x4 + x2

Subtraction of two polynomials is done similarly. Since subtraction of coefficients
is performed by subtraction modulo 2 which is also the exclusive-or operation, subtraction
of polynomials is identical to addition of polynomials.

(x6 + x4 + x2 + x + 1) - (x7 + x + 1) = x7 + x6 + x4 + x2

Multiplication of two polynomials is done in the usual way (of course, addition
of coefficients is performed by addition modulo 2).

(x6 + x4 + x2 + x + 1) (x7 + x + 1)

= x13 + x11 + x9 + x8 + x6 + x5 + x4 + x3 + 1

Multiplication of two polynomials f(x) and g(x) modulo a polynomial h(x) is
the remainder of f(x)g(x) divided by h(x).

(x6 + x4 + x2 + x + 1) (x7 + x + 1) modulo (x8 + x4 + x3 + x + 1)

= x7 + x6 + 1

The largest exponent of a polynomial is called its degree. For example, the
degree of x7 + x6 + 1 is 7.

Given three polynomials f(x), g(x), and h(x), you are to write a program that
computes f(x)g(x) modulo h(x). We assume that the degrees of both f(x) and g(x) are
less than the degree of h(x). The degree of a polynomial is less than 1000.

Since coefficients of a polynomial are 0 or 1, a polynomial can be represented
by d+1 and a bit string of length d+1, where d is the degree of the polynomial and the bit
string represents the coefficients of the polynomial. For example, x7 + x6 + 1 can be represented by

8 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1.

## Input

The input consists of T test cases. The number of test cases (T) is given in
the first line of the input. Each test case consists of three lines that contain
three polynomials f(x), g(x), and h(x), one per line. Each polynomial is represented as
described above.

## Output

The output should contain the polynomial f(x)g(x) modulo h(x), one per line.

## Sample Input

2 7 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 8 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 9 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 10 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 12 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 15 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1

## Sample Output

8 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 14 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0Submit

Source: Asia 2001, Taejon (South Korea)