Metal Cutting

Time Limit: 10 Seconds    Memory Limit: 32768 KB

In order to build a ship to travel to Eindhoven, The Netherlands, various sheet metal parts have to be cut from rectangular pieces of sheet metal. Each part is a convex polygon with at most 8 vertices. Each rectangular piece of sheet metal has width n and height m, so that the four corners of the sheet can be specified by the Cartesian coordinates (0, 0), (0, m), (n, m) and (n, 0) in clockwise order. The cutting machine available can make only straight-line cuts completely through the metal. That is, it cannot cut halfway through the sheet, turn, and then cut some more. You are asked to write a program to determine the minimum total length of cuts this machine has to make in order to cut out the polygon. The cuts must be along the edges of the poligon.

For example, if n = m = 100, and the polygon has vertices (80, 80), (70, 30), (20, 20) and (20, 80), the following diagram shows the optimal cut (the thick lines). The numbers show the order in which the cuts are made.

This problem contains multiple test cases!

The first line of a multiple input is an integer N, then a blank line followed by N input blocks. Each input block is in the format indicated in the problem description. There is a blank line between input blocks.

The output format consists of N output blocks. There is a blank line between output blocks.


The first line of input contains the two integers n and m where 0 < n, m <= 500. The next line contains p, the number of vertices in the polygon, where 3 <= p <= 8. Each of the next p lines contains two integers x and y where 0 < x < n and 0 < y < m, specifying the vertices of the polygon. The vertices are listed in clockwise order. You may assume that the polygon does not intersect itself, and that no three consecutive vertices are colinear.


Print the minimum total length of cuts required to cut out the given polygon, accurate to 3 decimal places.

Sample Input

100 100
80 80
70 30
20 20
20 80

Sample Output

Minimum total length = 312.575


Source: East Central North America 1998